How to Diagnose and Resolve MySQL Error 1351 – SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_VIEW_SELECT_TMPTABLE)

When working with MySQL, you may encounter Error 1351, which indicates that a view’s SELECT statement is trying to reference a temporary table. MySQL views cannot reference temporary tables as they are designed to be persistent and shareable among users, while temporary tables are session-specific and disappear after the session ends.

Understanding the Error

Error 1351 is raised when you attempt to create or alter a view that includes a SELECT statement referencing a temporary table. The error message will typically look like this:

Error 1351 - SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_VIEW_SELECT_TMPTABLE) View's SELECT contains a temporary table '%s'

Here %s will be replaced by the name of the temporary table being referenced.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose this issue, check the SELECT statement within your view definition and look for any references to temporary tables. Temporary tables in MySQL are usually created using the CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE statement.

Fixing the Error

To fix this error, you need to modify the view’s SELECT statement to ensure that it does not reference a temporary table. Here are some strategies to resolve the issue:

1. Use a Subquery

Instead of directly referencing a temporary table, you can use a subquery in the view’s SELECT statement to achieve a similar result.

For example, if you have a temporary table named temp_table, instead of doing this:

CREATE VIEW my_view AS SELECT * FROM temp_table;

You might use a subquery:

FROM (SELECT * FROM permanent_table WHERE some_condition) AS subquery_alias;

2. Create a Permanent Table

If the data in the temporary table needs to be referenced frequently, consider creating a permanent table to store that data, and then reference the permanent table in your view.

CREATE TABLE permanent_table AS SELECT * FROM temporary_table;
CREATE VIEW my_view AS SELECT * FROM permanent_table;

Remember to manage the data in the permanent table appropriately if it’s meant to be a temporary snapshot of data.

3. Use a Stored Procedure

If you need the functionality of a temporary table within a view, consider using a stored procedure instead. Stored procedures can use temporary tables and can provide a similar level of encapsulation.


    CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE IF NOT EXISTS temp_table AS (SELECT * FROM source_table WHERE some_condition);
    SELECT * FROM temp_table;
END //


You can then call this stored procedure whenever you need the data:

CALL GetMyData();

By implementing one of these solutions, you should be able to resolve the MySQL Error 1351 and have your view or procedure function correctly without referencing a temporary table. Remember that views are meant to present a consistent, persistent dataset, so any solution should align with this principle.

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