How to Diagnose and Fix the ORA-02043 Transaction Rolled Back Error in Oracle

If you are encountering the ORA-02043 error in Oracle, it means that a transaction has been rolled back due to a deadlock or a timeout. This can be a frustrating issue to deal with, but with the right approach, it can be diagnosed and fixed effectively.

Diagnosing the ORA-02043 Error

When diagnosing the ORA-02043 error, it’s important to understand the context in which it occurs. This error typically occurs in a distributed database environment where transactions are being coordinated across multiple nodes. Here are a few steps to diagnose the error:

1. Check the Oracle alert log for any relevant error messages or warnings.
2. Review the application code that is initiating the transaction to ensure that it is handling transactions appropriately.
3. Use Oracle’s diagnostic tools, such as SQL Trace and Event 10046, to capture detailed information about the transaction and identify any potential issues.


SELECT * FROM v$transaction WHERE status = 'IN-DOUBT';

This query can help identify any transactions that are in an “in-doubt” state, which could be causing the ORA-02043 error.

Fixing the ORA-02043 Error

Once the ORA-02043 error has been diagnosed, it’s time to address the underlying issue and fix the error. Here are a few potential solutions:

1. Resolve any deadlock or timeout issues by optimizing the database design and the application code that is initiating the transactions.
2. Use Oracle’s distributed transaction management features, such as two-phase commit, to ensure that transactions are coordinated effectively across multiple nodes.
3. Consider using Oracle’s Advanced Queuing (AQ) feature to decouple transactions and improve the overall scalability of the distributed database environment.


    queue_table        => 'my_queue_table',
    queue_payload_type => '$_jms_text_message',
    multiple_consumers => TRUE

By implementing these solutions and addressing any underlying issues, you can effectively diagnose and fix the ORA-02043 error in Oracle. It’s important to thoroughly test any changes in a development or test environment before applying them to a production environment.

In conclusion, the ORA-02043 error can be a complex issue to diagnose and fix, but with the right approach and the use of Oracle’s diagnostic tools and features, it can be effectively addressed. By understanding the context in which the error occurs and implementing appropriate solutions, you can ensure the stability and reliability of your distributed database environment.

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