Resolving MySQL Error 2003 – CR_CONN_HOST_ERROR: Can’t Connect to MySQL Server

Encountering Error 2003 in MySQL can be frustrating. This error occurs when the MySQL client cannot establish a connection to the server. The full error message reads as follows:

Error 2003: Can't connect to MySQL server on '%s' (%d)

Here, %s represents the server host, and %d represents the error code.

Understanding the Error

This error typically indicates network-related issues, such as incorrect connection parameters, network connectivity problems, or firewall restrictions. It can also occur if the MySQL server is not running on the specified host.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose this issue, you should:

  1. Verify that the MySQL server is running.
  2. Check your network connection.
  3. Confirm that the MySQL server is not blocked by a firewall.
  4. Ensure you are using the correct port, host, and credentials to connect.

Fixing the Error

Here are several strategies to fix Error 2003:

1. Check MySQL Service Status

Ensure that the MySQL server is running on the host. You can check the server status by using:

# For Linux systems
sudo systemctl status mysql.service

# For Windows systems
sc query mysql

If the server is not running, start it using:

# For Linux systems
sudo systemctl start mysql.service

# For Windows systems
net start mysql

2. Verify Network Connectivity

Make sure your client machine can reach the MySQL server host. You can use ping to check connectivity.

ping server_host_name_or_ip

If there’s no response, there may be a network issue that needs to be resolved.

3. Check Firewall Settings

Firewalls can block the MySQL port (default is 3306). Check both server and client firewalls to ensure that the port is open.

On the server, you can use:

# For Linux systems with iptables
sudo iptables -L -n | grep 3306

# For Windows systems
netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name=all | find "3306"

Adjust your firewall settings to allow traffic on the MySQL port.

4. Verify Connection Parameters

Ensure you’re using the correct hostname, port, username, and password when trying to connect. The typical command to connect to MySQL is:

mysql -h host_name -P port -u user_name -p

Replace host_name, port, user_name with the appropriate values for your setup.

5. Check MySQL User Host Permissions

MySQL users are defined with specific host permissions. If you’re connecting from an unauthorized host, you’ll be unable to connect. Check the user’s host permission with:

SELECT host FROM mysql.user WHERE User = 'your_username';

If needed, grant permissions to the user from your host:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'your_username'@'your_client_host' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_password';

Replace your_username, your_client_host, and your_password with the correct values.

6. Skip Name Resolution

If the issue is related to DNS resolution, you can bypass this by adding skip-name-resolve to your MySQL configuration file (my.cnf or my.ini) under the [mysqld] section.


After making this change, restart the MySQL server.

By methodically checking these aspects, you should be able to diagnose and fix Error 2003, allowing you to successfully connect to your MySQL server. Remember to test your connection after each change to identify which solution resolves the issue.

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