Tackling MySQL Error 2013: Solutions for Restoring Lost Server Connections

Understanding Error 2013

MySQL Error 2013 (CR_SERVER_LOST) occurs when the client loses the connection to the MySQL server while executing a query. This can be due to several reasons such as network issues, server timeouts, or large queries that exceed certain limits.

Identifying and Addressing the Root Causes

Cause 1: Network Issues

Intermittent network problems can disrupt the connection between your MySQL client and server.


Check your network connection and ensure that there are no disruptions. You might want to ping the server from the client machine to check for connectivity:

ping mysql_server_host

If the ping fails or is unstable, you’ll need to troubleshoot your network to identify and fix the issue.

Cause 2: Server Timeouts

The wait_timeout and interactive_timeout server variables define how long the server waits for activity on a non-interactive and interactive connection, respectively, before closing it.


Increase the timeout values in the MySQL configuration file (my.cnf or my.ini) and restart the server:

wait_timeout = 28800
interactive_timeout = 28800

Cause 3: Large Queries Exceeding Limits

Large or complex queries may take longer to execute and can cause the server to close the connection if they exceed the net_read_timeout or max_allowed_packet limits.


Increase the net_read_timeout for longer query execution and max_allowed_packet for larger packets in the MySQL configuration:

net_read_timeout = 600
max_allowed_packet = 64M

Then, restart the MySQL server for the changes to take effect.

Cause 4: Server Overload

A server that is under heavy load may drop connections.


Monitor the server performance and optimize it for better resource utilization. You might need to upgrade your server hardware or balance the load with additional servers.

Cause 5: Client-Side Timeouts

MySQL clients have their own timeout settings that may close the connection prematurely.


Configure your client to increase the timeout settings. For example, in MySQL Workbench, you can adjust the timeouts in the Preferences:

Edit > Preferences > SQL Editor > DBMS connection read time out (in seconds): 600
Edit > Preferences > SQL Editor > DBMS connection keep-alive interval (in seconds): 600

Cause 6: MySQL Server Has Gone Away

A “MySQL server has gone away” error typically accompanies Error 2013, which can happen if the server restarts or if there is a resource issue.


Check the server error logs to determine if there are any issues causing the server to restart or crash. Address any errors you find, which may include increasing memory limits or fixing configuration errors.


Error 2013 in MySQL can be a symptom of various underlying issues, from simple network glitches to more complex server configuration challenges. By carefully examining each potential cause and applying the appropriate solutions, you can re-establish a stable connection to your MySQL server and ensure your queries run smoothly. Always remember to test your changes in a controlled environment before applying them to production systems, and keep regular backups in case you need to revert any changes.

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