Navigating MySQL Error 2024: Resolving Slave Connection Issues

Introduction to Error 2024

MySQL Error 2024 (CR_PROBE_SLAVE_CONNECT) indicates a problem establishing a connection to a replication slave server. This error can arise due to various reasons, such as network problems, incorrect configuration, or authentication issues.

Strategies for Troubleshooting and Solving

Cause 1: Network Connectivity Problems

The most common cause for this error is network connectivity issues between the master and slave servers.


Test the network connection using tools like ping or traceroute to ensure there is a reliable network path between the two servers.

ping slave_server_ip
traceroute slave_server_ip

If there are connectivity issues, you’ll need to resolve them with your network administrator.

Cause 2: Incorrect Slave Configuration

The slave server may be incorrectly configured, with wrong host, user, or port settings in the replication setup.


Check the slave configuration in the CHANGE MASTER TO command:


Ensure that the MASTER_HOST, MASTER_USER, MASTER_PASSWORD, and MASTER_PORT are correctly set to match the master server details.

Cause 3: Firewall Blocking Replication Traffic

A firewall may be blocking the port used for MySQL replication (default is 3306).


Configure the firewall on both the master and slave to allow traffic on the MySQL replication port:

# On both the master and slave servers
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --sport 3306 -j ACCEPT

Cause 4: Incorrect Replication User Privileges

The replication user might not have the correct privileges on the master server.


On the master server, grant the necessary replication privileges to the user:

GRANT REPLICATION SLAVE ON *.* TO 'replication_user_name'@'slave_host' IDENTIFIED BY 'replication_password';

Replace replication_user_name, slave_host, and replication_password with the appropriate credentials.

Cause 5: Slave Server Not Configured to Listen for Replication

The slave server might not be configured to listen for replication connections.


Ensure that the slave server’s my.cnf or my.ini file is not configured with skip-networking or bind-address that restricts connections:

# Ensure these lines are not preventing replication
#bind-address =

If necessary, comment out these lines and restart the MySQL service.

Cause 6: Server Id Conflict

Both the master and slave must have unique server IDs.


Check and set unique server-id values in the my.cnf or my.ini configuration files on both the master and slave servers:

server-id = 1  # Master should have a different ID than the Slave
server-id = 2  # Slave should have a different ID than the Master

After making changes, restart the MySQL service on both servers.


Error 2024 in MySQL can disrupt replication processes and needs to be addressed promptly to ensure data consistency across your database servers. By methodically investigating potential causes and implementing the corresponding solutions, you can re-establish the connection between your master and slave servers. Always verify your settings and privileges, and keep a close eye on network and firewall configurations to maintain a healthy replication environment.

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