Understanding MySQL Error 1079 (ER_SHUTDOWN_COMPLETE): What It Means When Your Database Says “Shutdown Complete”

MySQL Error 1079 is not an error in the traditional sense but rather a notification. It indicates that the MySQL server has been successfully shut down. The error message looks like this:

Error 1079 - SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_SHUTDOWN_COMPLETE) %s: Shutdown complete

Here, %s is a placeholder that will typically contain the server’s name or identifier. This message is informational and confirms that the shutdown process has been completed. However, if you encounter this message unexpectedly, it may indicate that the server has shut down due to an issue or that it has been shut down manually by someone with the necessary privileges. Let’s discuss how to address the situation if the shutdown was not intentional:

Check Server Logs for Shutdown Causes

To understand why the server shut down, review the MySQL error log for any messages preceding the shutdown.

The server may have encountered a critical error, or there might be an entry showing that a SHUTDOWN command was issued.

Sample Code:
There’s no direct SQL sample code for this, but you can typically find MySQL logs in the data directory or as specified in the MySQL configuration file (my.cnf or my.ini). Check the logs using a text editor or a command like:

grep 'shutdown' /path/to/mysql/error.log

Review System Resources

If the server shut down unexpectedly, it could be due to insufficient system resources like memory or disk space.

The MySQL server might terminate if the system runs out of memory or if the disk is full.

Sample Code:
On a Linux system, you can check memory with free -m and disk space with df -h.

Check for Manual Shutdowns

Verify if the shutdown was initiated by an authorized user or an automated script.

A sysadmin or a cron job might have issued the shutdown command for maintenance purposes.

Sample Code:
To manually shut down MySQL safely, you can use:


Or from the command line:

mysqladmin -u root -p shutdown

Restart the MySQL Server

If the server was shut down unintentionally and there are no underlying issues, you can restart it.

After addressing the cause of an unexpected shutdown, you need to start the MySQL server again.

Sample Code:
The command to start the MySQL server depends on your system. On a Linux system using systemd, you can use:

sudo systemctl start mysql

Or using the service command:

sudo service mysql start

Implement Monitoring and Alerts

Set up monitoring and alerting to be notified of unexpected shutdowns and other critical events.

Use monitoring tools to track the health of your MySQL server and get alerts if it goes down.

Sample Code:
There’s no direct SQL sample code for this, but many monitoring tools like Nagios, Zabbix, or Prometheus can be configured to monitor MySQL.

By following these steps, you can determine the cause of an unexpected MySQL shutdown and take appropriate action to restart and monitor your database server. Always ensure that you have proper backup and recovery procedures in place to protect your data against unexpected outages. If you’re frequently encountering unexpected shutdowns, it’s advisable to conduct a thorough investigation into the server’s health and configuration, potentially with the assistance of a database administrator or a systems engineer.

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