Understanding the Error
MySQL Error 1316, SQLSTATE 70100 (ER_QUERY_INTERRUPTED), occurs when a query execution is interrupted by an external command or due to a server setting that aborts long-running queries. This can happen for various reasons, such as a user manually stopping the query, a timeout setting like
max_execution_time, or a server shutdown initiated while the query is running.
Diagnosing the Issue
To diagnose this error, you need to determine the source of the interruption. Here are several possibilities and how to investigate them:
A user may have manually stopped the query by issuing a
KILL QUERY command or by stopping the client process that issued the query. Check the MySQL server logs or the process list to see if there are any
KILL commands issued around the time the error occurred.
Look for any processes with the state “Killed” or queries that match the timing of the interruption.
Server Configuration Limits
MySQL has several server variables that can interrupt a query if it takes too long:
wait_timeout: The number of seconds the server waits for activity on a non-interactive connection before closing it.
max_execution_time: The maximum execution time for a statement, in milliseconds.
Check the current settings of these variables:
SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'wait_timeout';
SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'max_execution_time';
If the settings are too low for your query’s requirements, you may need to adjust them.
Server Shutdown or Restart
If the MySQL server was shut down or restarted while the query was running, this could also cause the error. Check the server logs for any restart or shutdown events.
Solutions to Fix Error 1316
Adjusting Server Configuration
If the error is due to server configuration limits, you can adjust the
max_execution_time settings to better suit your needs. For example, to set a longer wait timeout:
SET GLOBAL wait_timeout = 28800; -- Set to 8 hours
Or to increase the maximum execution time for a specific session:
SET max_execution_time = 1000000; -- Set to 1000 seconds
Remember that these settings can have performance implications, so adjust them with caution.
Handling Long-Running Queries
For queries that are expected to take a long time, consider optimizing the query to reduce execution time. This can involve indexing, query refactoring, or breaking the query into smaller parts.
Graceful Server Shutdown
If the server must be shut down or restarted, ensure that it’s done gracefully to allow queries to finish executing. Use the
--wait flag when stopping the MySQL service to allow active queries to complete:
mysqladmin shutdown --wait
On the client side, ensure that your application handles the possibility of interrupted queries gracefully. Implement retry logic or user feedback to manage the experience when an interruption occurs.
When faced with MySQL Error 1316, investigate whether the interruption was user-initiated, caused by server configuration, or due to server shutdown. Adjust server settings with careful consideration, optimize long-running queries, and handle interruptions gracefully in your client applications. By taking these steps, you can minimize the occurrence of this error and maintain a smooth operation of your MySQL server.