Troubleshooting MySQL Error 1260: Lines Cut by GROUP_CONCAT()

Understanding the Error

MySQL Error 1260, SQLSTATE HY000 (ER_CUT_VALUE_GROUP_CONCAT), occurs when the result of a GROUP_CONCAT() function exceeds the maximum length allowed by the group_concat_max_len system variable. The GROUP_CONCAT() function concatenates values from multiple rows into a single string, but if the resulting string surpasses the length limit, the additional data is truncated, and you receive this error.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose this issue, first, check the current value of the group_concat_max_len setting by executing the following command in your MySQL client:

SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'group_concat_max_len';

This will return the current maximum allowed length for the GROUP_CONCAT() result. By default, this value is typically 1024 bytes, which can be easily exceeded with larger datasets.

Solutions to Fix Error 1260

Increasing group_concat_max_len

To fix this error, you can increase the group_concat_max_len value. You can set this variable for the current session or globally. Here’s how to increase it to, for example, 32000 bytes for the current session:

SET SESSION group_concat_max_len = 32000;

Or to set it globally:

SET GLOBAL group_concat_max_len = 32000;

Remember that when setting it globally, it will only affect new connections, and the setting will be reset to its default upon server restart unless you also update your MySQL configuration file.

Adjusting the Configuration File

To make a permanent change that persists after a server restart, add the following line to your MySQL configuration file (my.cnf or my.ini) under the [mysqld] section:


After making this change, restart your MySQL server to apply the new setting.

Optimizing GROUP_CONCAT Usage

If increasing the group_concat_max_len is not a viable option, consider whether you can optimize your use of GROUP_CONCAT(). For example, you might:

  • Limit the number of rows being concatenated by using a WHERE clause.
  • Reduce the length of the strings being concatenated by using SUBSTRING() or other string functions.
  • Split your GROUP_CONCAT() into multiple queries if the concatenated data can be logically partitioned.


MySQL Error 1260 is a sign that your GROUP_CONCAT() function is producing a string that’s too long for the current group_concat_max_len setting. By increasing this limit or optimizing your query, you can resolve the error and ensure that your data is not truncated. Always be cautious when increasing system variables and consider the impact on memory usage and performance.

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