Tackling MySQL Error 1057 (ER_WRONG_SUM_SELECT): Correcting Aggregate Function Queries

MySQL Error 1057 with SQLSTATE 42000 occurs when you have a query that improperly mixes aggregate functions, like SUM(), with individual column names in the SELECT statement without proper grouping. This error is a sign that there is a misunderstanding in how aggregate functions should be used in conjunction with non-aggregate columns.

Understanding Error 1057 – SQLSTATE: 42000 (ER_WRONG_SUM_SELECT)

The Error 1057 message “Statement has sum functions and columns in the same statement” tells you that your SQL query is attempting to select both the sum of a set of values and individual row values at the same time without the necessary GROUP BY clause.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose Error 1057, examine the query that caused the error. Look for SELECT statements that include aggregate functions like SUM(), COUNT(), AVG(), MIN(), or MAX() alongside individual column names.

Fixing the Error

Example 1: Adding a GROUP BY Clause

Add a GROUP BY clause to your query that includes the non-aggregated columns:

SELECT customer_id, SUM(order_total)
FROM orders
GROUP BY customer_id;

This query will now correctly aggregate the order_total for each customer_id.

Example 2: Using Aggregate Functions in Subqueries

Sometimes you may need individual row details and an aggregate value. Use a subquery for the aggregate and join it with the detail rows:

SELECT o.order_id, o.order_date, total_order_sum.sum_total
FROM orders o
    SELECT customer_id, SUM(order_total) AS sum_total
    FROM orders
    GROUP BY customer_id
) total_order_sum ON o.customer_id = total_order_sum.customer_id;

Example 3: Selecting Aggregate Data Only

If you only need the aggregate data, remove the individual column names from the SELECT statement:

SELECT SUM(order_total)
FROM orders;

Example 4: Including Non-Aggregated Columns in Aggregate Functions

If the non-aggregated columns are meant to be part of the calculation, include them inside the aggregate function:

SELECT SUM(order_total + shipping_cost)
FROM orders;

Example 5: Correcting GROUP BY with All Columns

Ensure that all non-aggregated columns in the SELECT statement are listed in the GROUP BY clause:

SELECT customer_id, order_date, SUM(order_total)
FROM orders
GROUP BY customer_id, order_date;

Example 6: Using DISTINCT for Non-Aggregated Columns

If you need to select distinct values for non-aggregated columns, use the DISTINCT keyword:

SELECT DISTINCT customer_id, order_date
FROM orders;

Example 7: Leveraging Window Functions

For more complex scenarios, consider using window functions if you need to retain row details alongside aggregate values:

SELECT order_id, order_date, customer_id, SUM(order_total) OVER (PARTITION BY customer_id) as customer_total
FROM orders;


Error 1057 in MySQL is your indication that there’s an issue with how aggregate and non-aggregate columns are being used together in a query. By understanding the need for proper grouping and the use of subqueries, GROUP BY clauses, or window functions, you can correct your queries to avoid this error. Regular review and testing of your SQL queries can help prevent such issues and ensure that your database interactions are both efficient and accurate.

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