Solving MySQL Error 1045: A Step-by-Step Guide to Fixing ER_ACCESS_DENIED_ERROR

Encountering Error 1045 in MySQL, denoted by the message “Access denied for user ‘%s’@’%s’ (using password: %s),” is a common issue that typically revolves around authentication problems. This error indicates that the provided credentials are incorrect or that the user does not have permission to access the MySQL server from the host. To resume normal operations and secure access to your databases, it’s important to understand the various scenarios that can lead to this error and how to address them effectively.

Understanding Error 1045 – SQLSTATE: 28000 (ER_ACCESS_DENIED_ERROR)

MySQL Error 1045 is an authentication error that occurs when a user attempts to connect to the MySQL server with invalid or insufficient credentials. The ‘%s’@’%s’ placeholders represent the username and hostname, respectively, while the third ‘%s’ indicates whether a password was used.

Diagnosing the Error

To diagnose Error 1045, consider the following common causes:

  1. Incorrect Password: The password provided is incorrect for the specified user.
  2. User Does Not Exist: The username may not exist on the MySQL server for the given host.
  3. Incorrect Host: The user may exist, but not with access from the specified host.
  4. Privileges Not Granted: The user exists but does not have the necessary privileges to log in or access the requested database.
  5. Corrupted User Tables: The MySQL user tables might be corrupted, leading to authentication issues.

Fixing the Error

Here are multiple examples and sample code to help you resolve Error 1045:

Example 1: Resetting the User Password

To reset the password for a given user, use the following SQL command:

ALTER USER 'username'@'hostname' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password';

Replace username, hostname, and new_password with the actual username, host, and new password. Then, flush the privileges:


Example 2: Creating the User

If the user does not exist, create the user with:

CREATE USER 'username'@'hostname' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

And grant the necessary privileges:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database_name.* TO 'username'@'hostname';

Replace database_name with the name of your database.

Example 3: Checking Host Access

Ensure the user has access from the host they are connecting from. If you want to allow access from any host, you can use the wildcard %:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database_name.* TO 'username'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Example 4: Verifying User Privileges

Check the user’s privileges with:

SHOW GRANTS FOR 'username'@'hostname';

If the user lacks the necessary privileges, grant them accordingly.

Example 5: Repairing User Tables

If you suspect corrupted user tables, you may need to repair the MySQL system tables. Stop the MySQL server and run mysqld with the --skip-grant-tables option to start without using the grant tables. Then, log in and check the integrity of the user tables or restore them from a backup.

After diagnosing and applying the appropriate fix, you should be able to connect to the MySQL server without encountering Error 1045.


MySQL Error 1045 is a common authentication problem that can have several causes, from simple password typos to more complex issues like corrupted user tables. By methodically checking each potential cause and applying the correct solution, you can regain access to your MySQL server. Always ensure that your user accounts are well managed, with secure passwords and appropriate privileges, to maintain the security and integrity of your databases.

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