Resolving MySQL Error 1299 (ER_WARN_INVALID_TIMESTAMP): Correcting Invalid TIMESTAMP Values

Encountering Error 1299 with SQLSTATE code HY000 in MySQL, which refers to “Invalid TIMESTAMP value in column ‘%s’ at row %ld,” can be a common issue when dealing with date and time data types. This error message indicates that there’s a problem with the TIMESTAMP values you are inserting or updating in your database. TIMESTAMP values must be within a certain range and in a specific format to be valid in MySQL. Let’s walk through the steps to diagnose and fix this issue with practical examples and sample code.

Understanding Error 1299

MySQL Error 1299 occurs when you try to insert or update a TIMESTAMP column with a value that is outside the permissible range or in an incorrect format. TIMESTAMP values must be between ‘1970-01-01 00:00:01’ UTC and ‘2038-01-19 03:14:07’ UTC.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose the issue, you need to:

  1. Identify the row and column mentioned in the error message.
  2. Check the value that you are trying to insert or update to ensure it’s within the valid TIMESTAMP range and format.

You can also verify the current TIMESTAMP format and range by consulting the MySQL documentation.

Fixing Error 1299

Here are some examples of how you can address this error:

Example 1: Correcting Out-of-Range Values

If you’re inserting or updating a TIMESTAMP with a value outside the valid range, correct the value to be within the range:

UPDATE your_table_name
SET your_timestamp_column = '1970-01-01 00:00:01'
WHERE id = your_row_identifier;

Replace your_table_name, your_timestamp_column, and your_row_identifier with the appropriate table name, column name, and row identifier, respectively.

Example 2: Using NULL or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP for Invalid Values

If your TIMESTAMP column allows NULL values and you don’t have a valid TIMESTAMP to insert, you can use NULL or CURRENT_TIMESTAMP:

INSERT INTO your_table_name (your_timestamp_column)


INSERT INTO your_table_name (your_timestamp_column)

Example 3: Ensuring Correct Format

Make sure the TIMESTAMP value is in the correct format ‘YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS’:

INSERT INTO your_table_name (your_timestamp_column)
VALUES ('2024-02-05 12:34:56');

Example 4: Handling Zero Dates

If your MySQL server SQL mode includes NO_ZERO_DATE, you cannot insert a ‘0000-00-00 00:00:00’ TIMESTAMP. You would need to use a valid TIMESTAMP or change the SQL mode:

SET sql_mode = '';

And then insert a zero TIMESTAMP:

INSERT INTO your_table_name (your_timestamp_column)
VALUES ('0000-00-00 00:00:00');

However, using zero dates is generally discouraged as it can lead to ambiguous data.

Example 5: Configuring the Server SQL Mode

If the server SQL mode settings are causing issues with TIMESTAMP values, you can configure them to be less restrictive:


This setting allows the use of dates with a day or month part of zero (such as ‘2024-02-00’).

By carefully reviewing the TIMESTAMP values you’re working with and ensuring they are within the valid range and format, you can resolve Error 1299 in MySQL. It’s important to handle date and time data with precision to maintain the integrity of your database. These strategies will help you understand and correct any TIMESTAMP-related issues, ensuring your data remains consistent and your database operations run smoothly. Keep these tips in mind, and you’ll effectively navigate through and resolve TIMESTAMP validation errors.

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