MySQL Error 1119, denoted by the SQLSTATE HY000, occurs when a thread stack overrun happens. The error message typically reads “Error 1119 – SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_STACK_OVERRUN) Thread stack overrun: Used: %ld of a %ld stack. Use ‘mysqld -O thread_stack=#’ to specify a bigger stack if needed.” This indicates that the thread’s stack space has been exhausted, which can cause the server to behave unpredictably or even crash.
Understanding Error 1119
A thread stack overrun happens when the memory allocated to a thread’s stack is insufficient for the operations it needs to perform. MySQL allocates a stack for each connection, and complex queries, stored procedures, or deep recursion can consume more stack space than is available.
Diagnosing Error 1119
To diagnose this error, you need to identify the operations that are leading to high stack usage. These can include:
- Deeply nested stored procedures
- Complex joins
- Large numbers of local variables in stored procedures
- Recursive functions or procedures
Fixing Error 1119
Here are several steps you can take to resolve this issue:
Step 1: Increase the Thread Stack Size
You can increase the size of the thread stack by specifying a larger value with the
thread_stack system variable. This is done at server startup.
Or you can set it in the MySQL configuration file (
my.ini depending on your operating system):
thread_stack = 512K
After making this change, you will need to restart the MySQL server for the new setting to take effect.
Step 2: Optimize Your Queries and Stored Procedures
- Simplify complex joins if possible.
- Break down deeply nested stored procedures into smaller, more manageable ones.
- Avoid recursive procedures or control the depth of recursion.
- Evaluate the necessity of each local variable and reduce their usage where possible.
Step 3: Monitor Stack Usage
After making changes, monitor your stack usage to ensure that the problem does not recur. You can use tools like
SHOW PROCESSLIST or performance schema tables to monitor threads and their stack usage.
Step 4: Recompile MySQL with a Larger Stack Size
As a last resort, if you are still encountering stack issues and you are unable to optimize the queries or procedures further, you may need to recompile MySQL with a larger default stack size. This is a more complex solution and should only be attempted by experienced users or system administrators.
MySQL Error 1119 due to thread stack overrun is typically resolved by increasing the thread stack size and optimizing queries and stored procedures to use less stack space. By carefully managing the resources and complexity of your database operations, you can prevent stack overruns and ensure the stability and reliability of your MySQL server. Always test changes in a development environment before applying them to your production system to avoid unexpected issues.