Resolving MySQL Error 1108: Incorrect Parameters to Procedure

Encountering errors in MySQL can be challenging, but understanding them is the first step towards resolution. One such error is Error 1108 – SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_WRONG_PARAMETERS_TO_PROCEDURE), which occurs when incorrect parameters are passed to a stored procedure. This error message is MySQL’s way of informing you that there’s a mismatch between the expected parameters defined in the stored procedure and the actual parameters provided during the call. Let’s explore how to diagnose and fix this error with clarity and precision.

Understanding Error 1108

Error 1108 is triggered when the number of parameters, their order, or their data types do not match what the stored procedure expects. This can happen due to various reasons, such as:

  • Providing too many or too few parameters.
  • Misordering parameters when calling the procedure.
  • Passing parameters of incorrect data types.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose this issue, you must first examine the stored procedure’s definition to understand the expected parameters. You can view the procedure’s parameters using the SHOW CREATE PROCEDURE statement:

SHOW CREATE PROCEDURE your_procedure_name\G

This will display the stored procedure’s definition, including the parameters and their data types.

Resolving the Error

Here are steps to resolve Error 1108, with examples and sample code:

1. Matching Parameter Counts

Ensure that the number of parameters you’re passing matches the number specified in the procedure definition.


Suppose a procedure is defined as follows:

CREATE PROCEDURE AddNewMember(IN firstName VARCHAR(50), IN lastName VARCHAR(50))
  -- Procedure logic here

To call this procedure correctly, you must provide exactly two parameters:

CALL AddNewMember('John', 'Doe');

Providing more or fewer parameters will result in Error 1108.

2. Ensuring Correct Parameter Order

The order in which you pass parameters should match the order in the procedure’s definition.


If the procedure expects a firstName followed by a lastName, calling it with the parameters in reverse order will cause an error:

-- Incorrect call leading to Error 1108
CALL AddNewMember('Doe', 'John'); -- Wrong order

-- Correct call
CALL AddNewMember('John', 'Doe');

3. Verifying Data Types

The data types of the parameters should match those defined in the procedure.


If a procedure expects an integer and a string:

CREATE PROCEDURE UpdateMemberAge(IN memberId INT, IN newAge INT)
  -- Procedure logic here

You must call it with integers:

-- Incorrect call leading to Error 1108
CALL UpdateMemberAge('one', 'thirty'); -- Wrong data types

-- Correct call
CALL UpdateMemberAge(1, 30);

4. Using Named Parameters

To avoid confusion, especially in procedures with many parameters, you can use named parameters to clarify the values being passed.


CALL UpdateMemberDetails(memberId => 1, firstName => 'John', lastName => 'Doe');


To successfully execute a stored procedure in MySQL, it’s crucial to ensure that the parameters provided during the call match the procedure’s definition in terms of number, order, and data type. By carefully reviewing the procedure definition and adjusting your CALL statement accordingly, you can resolve Error 1108 and ensure your stored procedures run as intended.

Remember to always test your stored procedure calls in a safe environment before applying them to production data, and consider using named parameters for improved clarity and maintainability.

For more information on stored procedures and error handling in MySQL, you can refer to the official MySQL documentation.

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