Encountering errors while working with MySQL stored procedures can be challenging. Error 1107 – SQLSTATE: 42000 (ER_WRONG_PARAMCOUNT_TO_PROCEDURE) occurs when the number of parameters passed to a stored procedure does not match the expected number defined in the procedure itself. This error message will typically include the name of the procedure, helping you identify where the mismatch is happening.

Understanding the Error

When you create a stored procedure in MySQL, you define a set of input and output parameters. If a client program calls this procedure with a different number of parameters than expected, MySQL will raise Error 1107.

For example, if a stored procedure is defined as follows:


CREATE PROCEDURE AddNewMember(IN firstName VARCHAR(50), IN lastName VARCHAR(50))
  -- Procedure body goes here
END //


And you try to call it with a single parameter:

CALL AddNewMember('John');

MySQL will throw Error 1107 because the procedure expects two parameters, but only one was provided.

Diagnosing the Problem

To diagnose this error, you should:

  1. Review the stored procedure definition to confirm the required number of parameters.
  2. Check the call to the stored procedure to ensure that the correct number of parameters is being passed.

You can view the stored procedure definition using the SHOW CREATE PROCEDURE statement:


This will display the SQL statement used to create the procedure, including the parameter list.

Fixing the Error

To fix Error 1107, you must ensure that the call to the stored procedure matches the definition in terms of parameter count.

Example 1: Correcting the Call

If you have called the procedure with too few parameters, you need to provide all the required parameters:

CALL AddNewMember('John', 'Doe');

Example 2: Modifying the Procedure

If the stored procedure should allow for a variable number of parameters, you may need to modify the procedure to handle different cases. For example, you could use default values for parameters:


CREATE PROCEDURE AddNewMember(IN firstName VARCHAR(50), IN lastName VARCHAR(50), IN middleName VARCHAR(50) DEFAULT NULL)
  -- Procedure body goes here
END //


With this change, you can call the procedure with two or three parameters:

CALL AddNewMember('John', 'Doe');
CALL AddNewMember('John', 'Doe', 'C');

Example 3: Overloading Procedures

MySQL does not support procedure overloading, so you cannot have multiple procedures with the same name but a different number of parameters. If you need different behaviors based on parameter count, consider creating separate procedures with distinct names.


MySQL Error 1107 is an indication that there’s a mismatch between the number of parameters expected by a stored procedure and the number provided during a call. By carefully checking the procedure definition and the call statement, you can correct the parameter count and resolve the issue. Always ensure that your procedure calls match the definitions to avoid this error.

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