Navigating MySQL Error 1295: Unsupported Commands in Prepared Statements

Understanding the Error

MySQL Error 1295, SQLSTATE HY000 (ER_UNSUPPORTED_PS), occurs when you attempt to execute a command that is not supported in the prepared statement protocol. Prepared statements are a feature in MySQL that allows you to execute SQL statements with parameter binding, providing efficiency and security benefits. However, not all commands can be used with prepared statements.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose this error, examine the SQL command you are trying to prepare. Some common examples of commands that are not supported in prepared statements include, but are not limited to:

  • Management statements like OPTIMIZE TABLE, ANALYZE TABLE, REPAIR TABLE, etc.
  • Administrative statements such as LOAD DATA INFILE.
  • Certain ALTER TABLE operations.
  • The LOCK TABLES and UNLOCK TABLES statements.

If your command falls into one of these categories or others not supported by prepared statements, you will encounter Error 1295.

Solutions to Fix Error 1295

Use Alternative Methods for Unsupported Commands

If you need to execute a command that is not supported by prepared statements, you will have to use an alternative method such as executing the command directly through a standard query execution method provided by your programming language’s MySQL library.

Here’s an example in PHP using mysqli:

$mysqli = new mysqli('localhost', 'user', 'password', 'database');

$query = "LOAD DATA INFILE 'data.txt' INTO TABLE my_table";
$result = $mysqli->query($query);

if (!$result) {
    echo "Error executing command: " . $mysqli->error;

Use Prepared Statements for Supported Commands

For commands that are supported by prepared statements, continue to use prepared statements for the benefits they provide. Here’s an example of a supported command using prepared statements in PHP:

$mysqli = new mysqli('localhost', 'user', 'password', 'database');

$stmt = $mysqli->prepare("INSERT INTO my_table (column1, column2) VALUES (?, ?)");
$stmt->bind_param("ss", $value1, $value2);

$value1 = 'Hello';
$value2 = 'World';


Check MySQL Documentation for Support

Always refer to the MySQL documentation to check if a command is supported in the prepared statement protocol. The documentation provides a comprehensive list of supported and unsupported commands in prepared statements.

Update Your MySQL Version

Ensure you are using the latest version of MySQL, as support for commands in prepared statements can change with new releases. While this may not resolve all issues with unsupported commands, it ensures you have the most up-to-date features and support.


When encountering MySQL Error 1295, it’s essential to identify whether the command you are trying to prepare is supported by the prepared statement protocol. For unsupported commands, use direct query execution methods. For all other scenarios, prepared statements can be an efficient and secure way to execute SQL commands. Keep your MySQL server updated and consult the official documentation for the most accurate and current information on supported commands in prepared statements.

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