Navigating MySQL Error 1224: Avoiding the Mix of Transactional and Non-Transactional Tables

In MySQL, Error 1224 – SQLSTATE: HY000 (ER_MIXING_NOT_ALLOWED) is an indicator that your operations are combining transactional and non-transactional tables in a way that the database system cannot support. This error can be a bit tricky to navigate, as it involves understanding the different storage engines and their capabilities regarding transactions. Let’s break down the error and look at how to diagnose and fix it.

Understanding the Error

MySQL supports various storage engines, each with different capabilities. InnoDB is an example of a transactional storage engine, which means it supports transactions that can be rolled back or committed. On the other hand, MyISAM is a non-transactional storage engine, meaning it does not support transactions.

Error 1224 occurs when you try to perform operations that involve both transactional and non-transactional tables within the same transaction context. MySQL disables such mixed operations to maintain data integrity.

Diagnosing the Problem

To diagnose the issue, identify the tables involved in the transaction and determine their storage engines:

SHOW TABLE STATUS WHERE Name IN ('transactional_table', 'non_transactional_table');

Replace transactional_table and non_transactional_table with the names of the tables you suspect are causing the error. Look for the Engine column in the output.

Fixing the Error

Option 1: Convert Tables to the Same Storage Engine

If you need to involve multiple tables in a transaction, ensure they all use a transactional storage engine:

ALTER TABLE non_transactional_table ENGINE=InnoDB;

Replace non_transactional_table with the name of the table you want to convert to a transactional storage engine.

Option 2: Separate Transactions

If converting the storage engine is not feasible, consider separating the operations into different transactions. Perform all operations on transactional tables within one transaction, and handle non-transactional tables separately:

-- Perform operations on transactional tables

-- Perform operations on non-transactional tables

Option 3: Reconsider the Database Design

Evaluate whether you need both transactional and non-transactional tables. If transactions are not necessary for certain operations, you might use non-transactional tables for those specific cases. Conversely, if transactions are crucial, use a transactional storage engine like InnoDB for all related tables.

Preventing Future Errors

To prevent this error from occurring:

  • Plan your database schema with transactions in mind. Decide early on which tables will require transaction support and use a consistent storage engine for them.
  • Regularly review your storage engine choices to ensure they align with your database transaction requirements.
  • Be cautious when writing operations that span multiple tables, especially if you’re unsure about their storage engines.


Error 1224 in MySQL is a reminder of the importance of understanding the transactional capabilities of different storage engines. By ensuring consistency in the storage engines used by your tables or by strategically separating your transactions, you can effectively resolve and prevent this error. Always consider the transactional needs of your database operations and choose the appropriate storage engine to support those needs.

For more details on storage engines and transactions in MySQL, refer to the MySQL documentation to help guide your database design and troubleshooting efforts.

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