How to Diagnose and Fix the ORA-01941 Error in Oracle: Only EXECUTE and DEBUG Privileges are Valid for Procedures

If you are encountering the ORA-01941 error in Oracle, it means that you are trying to grant privileges to a user for a procedure, but are using invalid privileges. This error occurs when you attempt to grant privileges other than EXECUTE or DEBUG to a user for a procedure.

To diagnose and fix this error, you can follow the steps below:

Diagnosing the ORA-01941 Error

1. Check the privileges being granted: First, review the SQL statement that is attempting to grant privileges to a user for a procedure. Ensure that only EXECUTE or DEBUG privileges are being granted.

2. Verify the user’s privileges: Check the current privileges of the user to ensure that they do not already have privileges that conflict with the grant statement.

Fixing the ORA-01941 Error

If you have identified that the error is due to invalid privileges being granted, you can fix it by following these steps:

1. Modify the grant statement: Update the grant statement to only include EXECUTE or DEBUG privileges. For example:

   GRANT EXECUTE ON procedure_name TO user_name;

2. Revoke conflicting privileges: If the user already has conflicting privileges, you may need to revoke them before granting the correct privileges. For example:

   REVOKE privilege_name ON procedure_name FROM user_name;
   GRANT EXECUTE ON procedure_name TO user_name;

3. Verify the fix: After making the necessary changes, verify that the user can now access the procedure without encountering the ORA-01941 error.

Additional Considerations

– Check Oracle documentation: If you are unsure about the specific privileges that can be granted for procedures, refer to the Oracle documentation for detailed information.

– Review user roles: In some cases, the user’s role may be affecting their privileges. Review the roles assigned to the user to ensure they are not conflicting with the grant statement.

By following these steps, you can diagnose and fix the ORA-01941 error in Oracle, ensuring that users have the appropriate privileges to access procedures without encountering this error.

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