Diagnosing and Resolving MySQL Error 1102: Incorrect Database Name

When working with MySQL, encountering error messages is a common part of the development and maintenance process. One such error is the Error 1102 – SQLSTATE: 42000 (ER_WRONG_DB_NAME) Incorrect database name ‘%s’, which can be a stumbling block if you’re unsure how to address it. This error occurs when the database name specified in a query does not match any existing database names in the MySQL server instance. Let’s look at how to diagnose and fix this issue.

Understanding the Error

The MySQL Error 1102 indicates that the database name you have entered is incorrect. This could be due to a typo, using a reserved word, or attempting to access a database that does not exist. The ‘%s’ in the error message is a placeholder for the incorrect database name you’ve used.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose the problem, start by checking the following:

  1. Typographical Errors: Ensure that the database name is spelled correctly in your query.
  2. Case Sensitivity: MySQL database names are case-sensitive on some platforms (like Unix-based systems). Make sure the case matches the actual database name.
  3. Reserved Words: If your database name is a reserved word in MySQL, it needs to be enclosed in backticks (e.g., `database-name`).
  4. Existence of Database: Confirm that the database you are trying to access actually exists in your MySQL server.

Fixing the Error

Here are some steps and sample code to fix the error:

Step 1: Check for Typographical Errors

Make sure the database name in your query matches the actual database name:

USE correct_database_name;

Step 2: Address Case Sensitivity Issues

If you’re on a case-sensitive filesystem, ensure your query matches the case of the database name:

USE CorrectDatabaseName; -- This is different from 'correctdatabasename'

Step 3: Enclose Reserved Words

Enclose the database name in backticks if it’s a reserved word:

USE `CREATE`; -- 'CREATE' is a reserved word, so it's enclosed in backticks

Step 4: Verify Database Existence

Check the list of databases to ensure the one you’re trying to access exists:


If the database does not exist, you may need to create it:

CREATE DATABASE new_database_name;

Step 5: Check Permissions

Ensure that your MySQL user has the correct permissions to access the database:

SHOW GRANTS FOR 'your_username'@'your_host';

If necessary, grant the appropriate permissions:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database_name.* TO 'your_username'@'your_host';

By following these steps, you should be able to diagnose and fix the “Incorrect database name” error in MySQL. Remember to always back up your databases before making any significant changes to avoid data loss.

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