Diagnosing and Fixing the ORA-01221 Error in Oracle

If you are encountering the ORA-01221 error in Oracle, it means that the savepoint name expected is missing or incorrect. This error can occur during a database transaction, and it can be caused by various factors such as incorrect syntax or misuse of savepoints. In this article, we will discuss how to diagnose and fix the ORA-01221 error in Oracle.

Diagnosing the ORA-01221 Error

When you encounter the ORA-01221 error, the first step is to identify the cause of the error. Here are some common scenarios that can lead to this error:

  • Incorrect syntax when using savepoints
  • Using an invalid savepoint name
  • Attempting to rollback to a savepoint that does not exist

To diagnose the error, you can start by reviewing the SQL statement that triggered the error. Look for any savepoint-related commands and check for any syntax errors or incorrect savepoint names.

Fixing the ORA-01221 Error

Once you have identified the cause of the ORA-01221 error, you can take the appropriate steps to fix it. Here are some possible solutions:

1. Check the Savepoint Syntax

Review the SQL statement that contains the savepoint command. Ensure that the syntax is correct and that the savepoint name is valid. Here is an example of the correct syntax for creating a savepoint:

SAVEPOINT my_savepoint;

2. Verify the Savepoint Name

If you are using a savepoint to mark a specific point in a transaction, make sure that the savepoint name is unique and meaningful. Avoid using reserved keywords or special characters in the savepoint name.

3. Rollback to an Existing Savepoint

If you are attempting to rollback to a savepoint, double-check that the savepoint exists in the current transaction. You can use the following query to list all the savepoints in the current transaction:

SELECT * FROM user_savepoints;

4. Review the Oracle Documentation

If you are still unable to resolve the ORA-01221 error, consider consulting the Oracle documentation for savepoint usage and best practices. The official Oracle documentation provides comprehensive information on savepoints and transaction management.


The ORA-01221 error in Oracle can be caused by various factors related to savepoints and transaction management. By carefully diagnosing the error and following the recommended solutions, you can effectively resolve the issue and ensure the integrity of your database transactions.

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