Comprehensive Guide to Diagnosing and Fixing MySQL Error 1355 (ER_VIEW_INVALID)

When working with MySQL, encountering error messages can be a common part of the database management process. Error 1355, with SQLSTATE HY000 (ER_VIEW_INVALID), indicates that a view is referencing invalid table(s) or column(s). This error can be tricky, but with the right approach, you can diagnose and resolve the issue effectively.

Understanding Error 1355

This error occurs when a view in MySQL is trying to reference a table or a column that does not exist or is not accessible due to various reasons. This could be due to a table or column being deleted, renamed, or lacking proper permissions.

Diagnosing Error 1355

To diagnose this error, you need to check the view’s definition and compare it against the current schema of your database. Here’s how you can view the definition of the problematic view:

SHOW CREATE VIEW your_view_name;

Replace your_view_name with the name of the view that is causing the error. This command will display the SQL statement used to create the view.

Fixing Error 1355

Scenario 1: Invalid Table or Column

If the table or column referenced in the view does not exist, you will need to correct the view definition. Here’s an example of how you might alter a view that references a non-existent column:

ALTER VIEW your_view_name AS
SELECT column1, column2
FROM existing_table
WHERE condition;

Ensure that column1, column2, and existing_table exist and are spelled correctly.

Scenario 2: Renamed Table or Column

If a table or column has been renamed, update the view to reference the new names:

ALTER VIEW your_view_name AS
SELECT new_column_name AS old_column_name
FROM renamed_table
WHERE condition;

Here, new_column_name and renamed_table should reflect the current names in the database.

Scenario 3: Permissions Issues

If the view references a table or column that the view’s DEFINER does not have access to, you will need to ensure the appropriate permissions are granted. Use the following command to grant SELECT permission:

GRANT SELECT ON database_name.table_name TO 'user'@'host';

Replace database_name.table_name with the relevant database and table, and 'user'@'host' with the appropriate user and host.

Scenario 4: Fixing the View’s Definer

In some cases, the definer of the view may no longer exist or have the necessary privileges. You can change the definer with the following syntax:

SELECT column1, column2
FROM existing_table
WHERE condition
DEFINER = 'new_user'@'host';

Replace new_user and host with the username and host of a user with the required permissions.


Resolving Error 1355 in MySQL involves carefully examining the view’s definition and ensuring that all referenced tables and columns are valid, exist, and are accessible by the view’s definer. By methodically checking for these common scenarios and applying the appropriate fixes, you can get your database views back on track and functioning correctly.

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