Addressing MySQL Error 1133 (ER_PASSWORD_NO_MATCH): Ensuring User Table Consistency

When managing MySQL databases, encountering Error 1133 – SQLSTATE: 42000 (ER_PASSWORD_NO_MATCH) can be a source of frustration. This error occurs when an operation such as setting a password fails because the specified user does not exist in the user table. It’s a common issue when managing user accounts and privileges, and understanding how to resolve it is crucial for database administrators.

Understanding the Error

The error message “Can’t find any matching row in the user table” suggests that the user account you are trying to modify does not exist or is incorrectly referenced. This could be due to a typo in the username or hostname, or the user might not have been created yet.

Diagnosing the Issue

To diagnose the problem, perform the following checks:

  1. Confirm the Username and Host: Ensure that the username and host you are using in your command are correct. MySQL user accounts are identified by both the username and the host from which they connect, formatted as 'username'@'host'.
  2. Check Existing Users: Verify that the user exists in the MySQL user table by running:
   SELECT user, host FROM mysql.user;

This will list all users and the hosts they are associated with.

  1. Check for Typos: Double-check the username and host for any typos or case sensitivity issues.

Fixing the Error

Once you’ve identified the cause, you can proceed with the following solutions:

  • Correct the Username or Host: If you’ve made a typo, correct it and try the operation again.
  SET PASSWORD FOR 'correct_username'@'correct_host' = PASSWORD('new_password');
  • Create the User: If the user does not exist, you need to create the user account before setting a password.
  CREATE USER 'new_user'@'host' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
  SET PASSWORD FOR 'new_user'@'host' = PASSWORD('new_password');
  • Use the Correct Syntax for Password Assignment: Depending on your version of MySQL, the syntax for setting a password may vary. For example, in MySQL 5.7.6 and later, you should use the ALTER USER statement instead of SET PASSWORD.
  ALTER USER 'user'@'host' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_password';
  • Check for Orphaned Privileges: If a user has been removed but their privileges were not, you might encounter this error. Clean up any orphaned privileges with:
  • Consider Password Policy: If your MySQL server has a password policy in place, ensure that the new password meets the requirements. Failure to comply with the policy might prevent the password from being set.

Examples for Common Scenarios

  • Setting a Password for an Existing User:
  ALTER USER 'existing_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_secure_password';
  • Creating a New User and Setting a Password:
  CREATE USER 'new_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'new_secure_password';
  • Correcting a Typo in the User or Host:
  -- Incorrect command that might cause Error 1133
  SET PASSWORD FOR 'usr'@'locahost' = PASSWORD('new_password');

  -- Corrected command
  SET PASSWORD FOR 'user'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('new_password');
  • Removing Orphaned Privileges After User Deletion:
  -- Assuming 'old_user'@'localhost' was deleted
  DROP USER 'old_user'@'localhost';


Error 1133 in MySQL is a clear indication that there’s a discrepancy between the user account specified in your command and the accounts present in the MySQL user table. By carefully checking the existence and spelling of user accounts, using the correct syntax, and ensuring that your database’s user table is consistent, you can resolve this error and maintain a secure and well-organized user management system.

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